The development of the oil pipeline in Kenya began when the Government established the Kenya Pipeline Company (KPC) in 1973. The Company was charged with the task of constructing a refined oil pipeline system and transporting the petroleum products from Mombasa to the hinterland. Extensive feasibility studies undertaken, prior to the establishment of the Company, had revealed that a pipeline system was the most suitable mode of transporting petroleum products to the hinterland in terms of cost and convenience.
The pipeline system currently consists of a network of 1,792 km of pipelines running from Mombasa through Nairobi to the Western Kenya towns of Nakuru, Eldoret and Kisumu. The first 450km 14-inch diameter pipeline was completed in 1978 from Mombasa to Nairobi and an additional 446km 8/6-inch diameter from Nairobi to Western Kenya was constructed and completed in 1994. In 2011 a 325km 14-inch diameter parallel pipeline from Nairobi to Eldoret was commissioned, and another 121km 10-inch diameter parallel pipeline from Sinendet to Kisumu was commissioned in 2016. The latest addition was the 450km 20-inch diameter parallel pipeline from Mombasa to Nairobi commissioned in June 2018.
KPC has petroleum products storage facilities at its depots located in Nairobi and the major towns of Mombasa, Nakuru, Eldoret and Kisumu with a total capacity of 417,980m3. The Company manages and operates the 326,233m3 imports storage facility at Kipevu (KOSF) and another 143,014m3 under a lease arrangement with the Kenya Petroleum Refineries Limited (KPRL).
To date, KPC has cost effectively, efficiently and safely transported petroleum products through the pipeline, for consumption in Kenya and the neighboring countries which include Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), South Sudan and Northern Tanzania. The pipeline throughput has increased from 800m3 in 1978 to 8.1millionm3 in 2020/21.
In an endeavour to be the most modern and efficient Company in the oil and gas industry in Africa, KPC fraternity shares the following core values: –
KPC’s operating service principles are: –